ASTM A105 is a specification established by the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) that covers forged carbon steel piping components for ambient- and higher-temperature service in pressure systems. These components include flanges, fittings, valves, and similar parts ordered either to dimensions specified by the purchaser or to dimensional standards such as the ASME and API specifications.
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Metal In China® has a large number of Carbon Steel Tube that meet American ASTM or AISI standards. Common specifications for Carbon Steel Tube include A36,A106, A53/A53B, A178,A210,A252,A333, etc. Generally, we can support fast delivery within 3-5 days according to your requirements, and the delivery cycle of specially customized products is about 10 days. Contact us now to get a competitive price or a free sample.
Square Carbon Seamless Steel Pipes are preferred in several industries for various applications due to their unique characteristics. Here are the key features of these pipes:
- High Strength: They possess high tensile strength, making them highly durable and capable of withstanding substantial pressure.
- Seamless Construction: Seamless pipes are made from a single piece of metal with no seams, which gives them a uniform structure, increased strength, and a high resistance to pressure.
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- High Precision: The manufacturing process of seamless pipes allows for high dimensional accuracy. This precision ensures a perfect fit in applications, reducing the risk of leaks and increasing overall efficiency.
- Heat Resistant: Square carbon seamless steel pipes have excellent heat resistance, making them suitable for applications involving high temperatures.
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- Corrosion Resistance: Though not inherently highly corrosion-resistant, they can be treated or coated to enhance their resistance against corrosion.
- Versatility: Due to their strength, durability, and resistance to heat and corrosion, these pipes are versatile and used in a wide variety of industries including oil & gas, construction, automobile, chemical, and more.
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- Improved Flow Characteristics: The seamless construction ensures a smooth interior surface, leading to less friction and improved flow characteristics, which is beneficial in many fluid transfer applications.
- Durability: The seamless structure of these pipes makes them more durable and long-lasting.
China Square Carbon Seamless Steel Pipe
- Cost-Effective: Even though seamless pipes are generally more expensive than welded ones, they are often more cost-effective in the long run due to their longevity and reduced maintenance needs.
- Aesthetics: The seamless square shape provides a clean, professional look that is often preferred in visible applications.
- Easy to Clean: The lack of seams and joints makes these pipes easy to clean and maintain.
Square Carbon Seamless Steel Pipe Stock in China
|Producttion Method||Hot Rolled/Cold Rolled|
|Standard||A36,A53/A53B,A106,A178, A210, A252,A333,A500 etc.|
|Wall Thickness||0.5MM~300MM（Customized on request）|
|Outer Diameter||21.3MM~660MM（Customized on request）|
|Length||Single random length/Double random length|
|Surface||1. Galvanized 2. PVC,Black and color painting 3. Transparent oil,anti-rust oil 4. According to clients requirement|
|Packing||Bundle, or with all kinds of colors PVC or as your requirements|
Seamless pipes are made differently from welded pipes. Instead of starting from a flat sheet of metal that’s then formed into a tube and welded, seamless pipes are made from a solid round steel billet. Here is the general process of manufacturing square carbon seamless steel pipes:
- Billet Preparation: The process starts with a round, solid billet of carbon steel. The billet is heated to a high temperature, making it pliable.
- Piercing: The heated billet is then pierced through its center with a mandrel to form a hollow tube.
- Elongation: The hollow tube is then elongated and rolled through a series of dies and mandrels, which progressively reduce its diameter and wall thickness while increasing its length.
- Sizing: The tube is then passed through a sizing mill, which further refines the outside diameter and wall thickness to precise specifications.
- Heat Treatment: The pipe then undergoes a heat treatment process, often known as normalizing or annealing, to relieve the stresses from the previous forming steps and to refine the steel’s microstructure, thereby enhancing its mechanical properties.
- Cold Drawing: For more precise dimensions and better surface finish, some seamless pipes may undergo additional cold drawing steps.
- Square Shaping: Unlike the manufacturing process of circular seamless pipes, square seamless pipes go through an additional process that gradually forms the circular pipe into a square shape. This is a complex process that requires precise control to avoid deformation while maintaining seamless structure.
- Cutting: The long pipe is then cut into the required lengths.
- Inspection: Each pipe undergoes a thorough inspection for quality control, which may include visual inspection, dimensional checks, and non-destructive testing to ensure there are no defects in the pipe.
- Finishing: The pipes may then be treated or coated as per the requirements, for example, oiled or varnished.
- Packing and Shipping: Finally, the pipes are bundled and packed for shipping.
Square carbon seamless steel pipes are pipes formed without a welded seam, providing them with superior strength and making them suitable for high-pressure applications. Here are some of their typical uses:
- Oil and Gas Industry: Seamless square pipes are extensively used in the oil and gas industry, where they’re needed to carry fluids under high pressure.
- Chemical Industry: These pipes can transport corrosive fluids safely in chemical processing plants due to their seamless construction and resistance to leaks.
- Power Plants: Seamless square pipes are often used in power plants, especially those working with steam. They can withstand the high temperatures and pressures found in these settings.
- Construction and Structural Applications: Seamless square pipes can serve as structural components in construction due to their strength and resistance to stress. They can be used in buildings, bridges, and other structures.
- Automotive Industry: In the automotive industry, these pipes are often used in the manufacture of parts that must withstand high pressure, such as in vehicle frames and axle tubes.
- Heat Exchangers and Condensers: Seamless pipes are excellent for use in heat exchangers and condensers due to their ability to withstand high temperatures and pressures.
- Hydraulic and Pneumatic Systems: Seamless pipes are suitable for hydraulic and pneumatic systems where high-pressure fluid needs to be transported without risk of leaks.
- Manufacturing and General Engineering: Seamless square pipes are used in a variety of other manufacturing and engineering applications, including machinery parts, where their strength and precision are required.
The packaging of carbon steel square tubes is similar to that of rectangular pipes. Here are the typical steps involved:
- Bundling: The most common method for packaging is bundling, where multiple steel pipes are bound together using steel straps. Depending on the length and size of the pipes, the number in each bundle can vary.
- Wrapping: After bundling, the steel pipes can be wrapped in a plastic or waterproof paper to protect against rust and other environmental damage. This is particularly important for carbon steel, which can corrode easily if not properly protected.
- Crating: For especially large or heavy pipes, or for long-distance shipping, wooden or steel crates can be used to provide additional protection. Crating can prevent damage during loading, unloading, and transportation.
- End Protection: Caps can be placed on the ends of the pipes to protect them from damage and to prevent foreign objects from entering the pipe. This is especially important for threaded or beveled ends, which can be more susceptible to damage.
- Marking: Each bundle or crate is typically marked with identifying information, such as the size, grade, heat number, manufacturer’s name or logo, and any other information required by the customer or by shipping regulations.