An I-beam, also known as a universal beam or a rolled steel joist (RSJ), is a type of steel beam with an “I” shape when viewed in cross-section. It is commonly used in construction and structural applications to provide support and distribute loads.
When it comes to I-beams made from carbon steel, they are typically manufactured by rolling or extruding hot-rolled steel billets. The hot-rolling process involves heating the steel billet and passing it through a series of rollers to shape it into the desired I-beam profile. Carbon steel I-beams are available in different sizes and dimensions to accommodate various construction requirements.
The mechanical properties of carbon steel I-beams can vary based on the specific grade of carbon steel used and any additional alloying elements present. These properties include tensile strength, yield strength, ductility, and hardness. The selection of a particular grade of carbon steel will depend on the intended application and the desired structural requirements.