Low carbon steel coil refers to a type of steel coil that contains a relatively low percentage of carbon compared to other types of steel. The carbon content in low carbon steel typically ranges from 0.05% to 0.30%.
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Metal In China® has a large stock of Carbon Steel Coil, and fast delivery in 3 to 5 days. As a reliable supplier of carbon steel coils, Metal In China® has a rich product series of carbon steel coils, including low-carbon steel coils, medium-carbon steel coils and high-carbon steel coils, and supports customization of size and thickness (customization period is 5-7 days).
Low carbon steel coils have excellent ductility, meaning they can be easily formed, bent, and shaped without cracking or breaking. This makes them suitable for various fabrication processes, including bending, welding, and forming.
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Low carbon steel coils exhibit good weldability, allowing them to be easily joined using various welding techniques such as MIG welding, TIG welding, or spot welding. They form strong bonds when properly welded, making them suitable for structural applications.
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Low carbon steel coils possess high formability, meaning they can be easily rolled, stamped, or drawn into different shapes without significant resistance. This property makes them suitable for applications that require complex or intricate shapes, such as automotive body panels or appliances.
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Low carbon steel coils have moderate strength compared to high carbon or alloy steels. While they may not possess the same level of strength as other steel grades, their strength is sufficient for many general-purpose applications.
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Low carbon steel coils offer versatility in terms of applications. They find use in a wide range of industries, including construction, automotive, appliances, furniture, and general manufacturing. They are commonly used for structural components, sheet metal fabrication, wire products, and general-purpose machinery.
|Technology||Cold Rolled or Hot Rolled|
|Thickness||0.1-50mm or Custom|
|Width||500mm,600mm, 1000mm, 1219mm, 1500mm, 1800mm, 2000mm, 2500mm etc|
|Length||Customized according to customer requirements|
|Surface||Mild steel plain finish|
|Carbon Content||Low Carbon（0.08% to 0.13%）|
|Standard||AISI, ASTM, BS, DIN, EN, GB, JIS|
|Export Packing||PVC+ Waterproof Paper + Strong Sea-worthy Wooden Package|
Low carbon steel coils are typically manufactured using conventional steelmaking and rolling processes. However, there are a few special manufacturing technologies that can be employed to enhance certain properties or achieve specific requirements for low carbon steel coils. Here are some examples:
- Microalloying: Microalloying is a technique where small amounts of alloying elements, such as vanadium, niobium, or titanium, are added to low carbon steel to improve its strength and toughness. These elements form fine precipitates within the steel matrix, which inhibit grain growth and enhance mechanical properties.
- Controlled Rolling: Controlled rolling, also known as thermomechanical controlled processing (TMCP), is a rolling process that involves controlled deformation and cooling of the steel. This technique helps refine the grain structure of low carbon steel, resulting in improved mechanical properties, such as strength, toughness, and ductility.
- Annealing: Annealing is a heat treatment process that involves heating low carbon steel coils to a specific temperature and holding them at that temperature for a certain duration before slowly cooling them. This process helps relieve internal stresses, improve ductility, and refine the microstructure of the steel.
- Surface Coating: Low carbon steel coils can be subjected to surface coating processes to provide enhanced corrosion resistance or specific functional properties. Examples include galvanizing (applying a layer of zinc), zinc-nickel coating, or organic coatings such as paint or polymer coatings.
- Cold Rolling: Cold rolling is a process where low carbon steel coils are passed through cold rolling mills to reduce their thickness and improve their surface finish. Cold rolling can enhance dimensional accuracy, smoothness, and hardness of the steel while retaining its ductility.
- Drawing: Drawing is a forming process in which low carbon steel coils are pulled through a die to reduce their cross-sectional area and increase their length. This process improves the mechanical properties, surface finish, and dimensional accuracy of the steel.
- Stress Relieving: Stress relieving is a heat treatment process applied to low carbon steel coils to reduce internal stresses that may have been induced during manufacturing or processing. The coils are heated to a specific temperature and then slowly cooled to relieve the stresses and improve dimensional stability.
Low carbon steel coils find extensive applications across various industries due to their favorable properties and versatility. Here are some common applications of low carbon steel coils:
- Automotive Industry: Low carbon steel coils are widely used in the automotive sector for manufacturing various components. They are used in the production of car bodies, chassis, structural components, brackets, and reinforcements. The formability, weldability, and cost-effectiveness of low carbon steel make it a preferred choice in the automotive manufacturing process.
- Construction and Infrastructure: Low carbon steel coils are extensively employed in the construction industry for structural applications. They are used in the construction of buildings, bridges, pipelines, and other infrastructure projects. Low carbon steel’s strength, weldability, and ductility make it suitable for load-bearing and structural components.
- Appliances and Furniture: Low carbon steel coils are utilized in the manufacturing of appliances such as refrigerators, washing machines, air conditioners, and stoves. They are also used in the production of furniture, including chairs, tables, and cabinets. Low carbon steel provides the necessary strength, formability, and surface finish for these applications.
- Tubing and Pipe Manufacturing: Low carbon steel coils serve as the base material for manufacturing tubes and pipes used in plumbing, HVAC systems, and other fluid transmission applications. The weldability and corrosion resistance of low carbon steel make it suitable for these purposes.
- Electrical Enclosures and Conduit: Low carbon steel coils find use in the production of electrical enclosures, junction boxes, and conduit systems. The formability and ease of fabrication of low carbon steel allow for the creation of custom enclosures and conduit structures for electrical wiring and distribution.
- Metal Fabrication and General Manufacturing: Low carbon steel coils are widely used in metal fabrication processes, including stamping, cutting, bending, and welding. They are employed in the production of a wide range of manufactured goods, such as metal cabinets, shelving, brackets, hinges, and hardware.
- Wire Products: Low carbon steel coils are utilized in the manufacturing of wire products, including fencing, mesh, wire ropes, nails, and screws. The ductility, strength, and cost-effectiveness of low carbon steel make it suitable for these applications.
- Agricultural Equipment: Low carbon steel coils are used in the manufacturing of agricultural equipment, such as plows, harrows, tractor components, and irrigation systems. The durability and strength of low carbon steel withstand the demanding conditions and loads encountered in agricultural operations.
carbon steel coils are typically packaged and prepared for shipment or storage using various methods to ensure their protection and ease of handling. Some common packaging methods include:
- Coil Packaging: The coils are usually wrapped tightly with steel strapping or plastic straps to secure them and prevent unwinding or damage during transportation. The strapping is applied around the circumference of the coil at regular intervals to hold the coil shape.
- Wooden Pallets: The wrapped coils are often placed on wooden pallets to provide stability and facilitate handling with forklifts or pallet jacks. The pallets help distribute the weight evenly and protect the coils from direct contact with the ground or other surfaces.
- Stretch Wrapping: The entire pallet containing the coils may be covered with stretch film to provide additional protection against dust, moisture, and physical damage. Stretch wrapping also helps to stabilize the coils and keep them in place during transportation.
- Protective Covering: In some cases, the coils may be covered with protective materials, such as plastic or cardboard, to safeguard them from scratches, abrasion, or exposure to the elements. This extra layer of protection helps maintain the quality of the coils.
- Identification and Labeling: Each packaged coil is typically labeled with relevant information, including the coil’s specifications, grade, dimensions, weight, and any necessary handling instructions. This labeling ensures proper identification and handling of the coils.